Tuesday, October 28, 2008

How To View Hidden Files and Folders

By default, Windows does not display hidden files and folders. Virus writers often take advantage of this, by dropping hidden files to the system that the casual user can't see. Though the default isn't technically a rootkit, for the inexperienced computer user it can have the same effect. Here's how to change the default settings in Windows so you can view hidden files and folders.
 
Difficulty: Easy
Time Required: 5 minutes

Here's How To View Hidden Files and Folders:

  1. Windows XP, 2000 users: To begin, double-click the My Computer icon on the desktop, then skip to Step 4.
  2. Windows Vista users: Click Start, then Control Panel. Click "Appearance and Personalization" then click the Folder Options icon and skip to Step 5.
  3. Windows ME, NT, 98, and 95 users: To begin, double-click the My Computer icon on the desktop, then skip to Step 6.
  4. Windows 2000 and XP users: Click Tools | Folder Options | View then skip to Step 7.
  5. Windows Vista: Click View then skip to Step 7.
  6. Windows ME/95/98/NT: Click View | Options | View
  7. Under Hidden files and folders, select "Show hidden files and folders"
  8. Now close the dialog boxes you have opened to perform this task. You should now be able to view hidden files and folders on the system. Note that this change may cause the hidden (and legitimate) file 'desktop.ini' to appear on the desktop.

Saturday, October 25, 2008

Microsoft to Rush Out Emergency Windows Patch

Microsoft will rush out an emergency security patch for Windows users on Thursday.
 
The company offered few details on why it was releasing the software update, which is rated critical for users of Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Server 2003. A critical flaw is worrisome, however, because it can be exploited by online attackers to seize control of the PC.
 
The update will be released at 10:00 am, Pacific time, said Microsoft spokesman Christopher Budd in a blog posting published late Wednesday.
 
The flaw is considered to be a less serious risk for users of the Windows Vista and Server 2008 operating systems Microsoft said in an advisory on the issue.
 
For years, Microsoft has released its patches on a predetermined day -- the second Tuesday of every month -- but it has occasionally released patches ahead of schedule when bugs have been actively exploited by computer criminals.
 
The last such emergency patch issued by Microsoft was in April 2007, when the company fixed a bug in the way Windows processes .ani animated cursor files. That flaw was publicly known and being exploited in attack code hosted on hundreds of Web sites.
 
This latest vulnerability, however, appears to be unknown to the security community.
 
For Microsoft to rush out this type of emergency update, it must consider the bug to be very serious, said Dragos Ruiu, organizer of the CanSecWest hacking conference in an instant message interview.
 
Ruiu said that presenters at Microsoft's recent Blue Hat internal security conference told him that they'd discovered some serious Windows bugs using security testing tools and that the update could fix one of these issues. "It might have wide reaching impact, or might be used easily for significant malicious hijinks," he said.

Thursday, October 23, 2008

Country Code for TV Tuner

ac
Ascension Island uk 247

ad
Andorra (UN) 376

ae
United Arab Emirates (formerly Trucial Coast) (UN) 971

af
Afghanistan (UN) 93

ag
Antigua and Barbuda qe2 (UN) 1268

ai
Anguilla qe2 1264

al
Albania (UN) 355

am
Armenia (Hayastan) (ussr) (UN) 374

an
Netherlands Antilles (part of NL) 599

ao
Angola (UN) 244

aq
Antarctica 672

ar
Argentina (UN) 54

as
American Samoa us 684

at
Austria (UN) 43

au
Australia qe2 (UN) 61

aw
Aruba (seceded from NL) 297

az
Azerbaijan (ussr) (UN) 994

dz
Algeria (UN) 213

ba
Bosnia and Herzegovina (yu) (UN) 387

bb
Barbados qe2 (UN) 1246

bd
Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) uk (UN) 880

be
Belgium (UN) 32

bf
Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) (UN) 226

bg
Bulgaria (UN) 359

bh
Bahrain (once Dilmun) (UN) 973

bi
Burundi (formerly part of Ruanda-Urundi, formerly German East Africa) (UN) 257

bj
Benin (UN) 229

bm
Bermuda uk 1441

bn
Brunei Darussalam (UN) 673

bo
Bolivia (UN) 591

br
Brazil (UN) 55

bs
Bahamas qe2 (UN) 1242

bt
Bhutan (UN) 975

bv
Bouvet Island no

bw
Botswana (formerly Bechuanaland) qe2 (UN) 267

by
Belarus (ussr) (once White Russia) (UN) 375

bz
Belize (formerly British Honduras) qe2 (UN) 501

io
British Indian Ocean Territory (Chagos Islands) navy 246

vg
British Virgin Islands uk 1284

ca
Canada qe2 (UN) 1

cc
Cocos Islands (Keeling) au 61,672

cd
Congo, Democratic People's Republic (formerly ZR) (formerly Belgian Congo) (UN) 243

cf
Central African Republic (formerly Ubangi-Shari) (UN) 236

cg
Congo, Republic of (once French Congo) (UN) 242

ch
Switzerland (Schweiz in German) 41

ci
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) (UN) 225

ck
Cook Islands nz 682

cl
Chile (UN) 56

cm
Cameroon (UN) 237

cn
China (UN) 86

co
Colombia (UN) 57

cr
Costa Rica (UN) 506

cs
Czechoslovakia (now CZ and SK) 42

cu
Cuba (UN) 53

cv
Cape Verde Islands (UN) 238

cx
Christmas Island au 61,672

cy
Cyprus (UN) 357

cz
Czech Republic (formerly part of CS) (UN) 420

kh
Cambodia (formerly Kampuchea) (UN) 855

ky
Cayman Islands uk 1345

td
Chad (Tchad) (UN) 235

km
Comoros Islands (UN) 269

hr
Croatia (Hrvatska) (yu) (UN) 385

dd
German Democratic Republic (East Germany) (now Germany) 49

de
Deutschland (Germany) (formerly East and West Germany) (UN) 49

dj
Djibouti (formerly Afars and Issas) (UN) 253

dk
Denmark (UN) 45

dm
Dominica uk (UN) 1767

do
Dominican Republic (UN) 1809

dz
Algeria (UN) 213

ec
Ecuador (UN) 593

ee
Estonia (ussr) (UN) 372

eg
Egypt (UN) 20

eh
Western Sahara (disputed by MA) (formerly Spanish Sahara) 212

er
Eritrea (once part of ET) (UN) 291

es
España (Spain) (UN) 34

et
Ethiopia (ancient Abyssinia) (UN) 251

tp
East Timor (disputed by ID) 670

sv
El Salvador (UN) 503

gq
Equatorial Guinea (formerly Spanish Guinea) (UN) 240

fi
Finland (UN) 358

fj
Fiji (UN) 679

fk
Falkland Islands (formerly Malvinas) 500

fm
Federated States of Micronesia (Caroline Islands) (UN) 691

fo
Faroe Islands dk 298

fr
France (UN) 33

fx
France, Metropolitan (i.e. European) 33

gf
French Guiana fr 594

pf
French Polynesia fr (formerly Oceania) 689

tf
French Southern Territories fr

ga
Gabon (UN) 241

gb
Great Britain (ISO3166 only) 44

gd
Grenada qe2 (UN) 1473

ge
Georgia (ussr) (UN) 995

gf
Guiana, French fr 594

gg
Guernsey (Channel Island) uk 44

gh
Ghana (UN) 233

gi
Gibraltar uk 350

gl
Greenland dk 299

gm
Gambia, The (UN) 220

gn
Guinea (formerly French Guinea) (UN) 224

gp
Guadeloupe fr 590

gq
Guinea, Equatorial (formerly Spanish Guinea) (UN) 240

gr
Greece (UN) 30

gs
Georgia, South, and The South Sandwich Islands uk

gt
Guatemala (UN) 502

gu
Guam us 1671

gw
Guinea-Bissau (formerly Portuguese Guinea) (UN) 245

gy
Guyana (formerly British Guiana) (UN) 592

dd
German Democratic Republic (East Germany) (now Germany) 49

de
Germany (Deutschland) (formerly East and West Germany) (UN) 49

hk
Hong Kong (administration of CN) 852

hm
Heard and McDonald Islands au

hn
Honduras (UN) 504

hr
Hrvatska (Croatia) (yu) (UN) 385

ht
Haiti (UN) 509

hu
Hungary (Magyarorsz¨¢g) (UN) 36

va
Holy See (Vatican City State) 379

id
Indonesia (UN) 62

ie
Ireland (Eire) (UN) 353

il
Israel (formerly Palestine) (ancient Canaan) (UN) 972

im
Isle of Man uk 44

in
India (UN) 91

io
Indian Ocean Territory, British (Chagos Islands) navy 246

iq
Iraq (ancient Mesopotamia) (UN) 964

ir
Iran (ancient Persia) (UN) 98

is
Iceland (UN) 354

it
Italy (ancient center of Roman Empire) (UN) 39

ci
Ivory Coast (Côte D'Ivoire) (UN) 225

je
Jersey (Channel Island) uk 44

jm
Jamaica qe2 (UN) 1876

jo
Jordan (formerly Transjordan) (UN) 962

jp
Japan (Nippon) (UN) 81

ke
Kenya (UN) 254

kg
Kyrgyzstan (ussr) (UN) 996

kh
Kampuchea (now Cambodia) (UN) 855

ki
Kiribati (UN) 686

km
Comoros Islands (UN) 269

kn
Saint Kitts and Nevis qe2 (UN) 1869

kp
Korea, North (Democratic People's Republic of) (UN) 850

kr
Korea, South (Republic of) (UN) 82

kw
Kuwait (UN) 965

ky
Cayman Islands uk 1345

kz
Kazakhstan (ussr) (UN) 7

la
Laos (UN) 856

lb
Lebanon (UN) 961

lc
Lucia, Saint qe2 (UN) 1758

li
Liechtenstein (UN) 41

lk
Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) (UN) 94

lr
Liberia (UN) 231

ls
Lesotho (formerly Basutoland) (UN) 266

lt
Lithuania (ussr) (UN) 370

lu
Luxembourg (UN) 352

lv
Latvia (ussr) (UN) 371

ly
Libya (UN) 218

ma
Morocco (UN) 212

mc
Monaco (UN) 377

md
Moldova (ussr) (once part of RO) (UN) 373

mg
Madagascar (UN) 261

mh
Marshall Islands us (UN) 692

mk
Macedonia (yu) (UN) 389

ml
Mali (formerly French Sudan) (UN) 223

mm
Myanmar (formerly Burma) (UN) 95

mn
Mongolia (UN) 976

mo
Macau 853

mp
Mariana Islands, Northern us 1670

mq
Martinique fr 596

mr
Mauritania (UN) 222

ms
Montserrat uk 1664

mt
Malta (UN) 356

mu
Mauritius (UN) 230

mv
Maldives (UN) 960

mw
Malawi (formerly Nyasaland) (UN) 265

mx
Mexico (UN) 52

my
Malaysia (UN) 60

mz
Mozambique (UN) 258

yt
Mayotte Island fr 269

fm
Micronesia (Caroline Islands) (UN) 691

na
Namibia (formerly South-West Africa) (UN) 264

nc
New Caledonia fr 687

ne
Niger (UN) 227

nf
Norfolk Island au 672

ng
Nigeria (UN) 234

ni
Nicaragua (UN) 505

nl
Netherlands (formerly Holland) (UN) 31

no
Norway (UN) 47

np
Nepal (UN) 977

nr
Nauru (UN) 674

nt
Neutral Zone (IQ and SA border)

nu
Niue nz 683

nz
New Zealand qe2 (UN) 64

an
Netherlands Antilles (part of NL) 599

mp
Northern Mariana Islands us 1670

om
Oman (formerly Muscat and Oman) (UN) 968

pa
Panama (UN) 507

pc
Pacific Islands Trust Territory (now FM, MH, GU, PW)

pe
Peru (UN) 51

pf
Polynesia, French fr (formerly Oceania) 689

pg
Papua New Guinea qe2 (UN) 675

ph
Philippines (UN) 63

pk
Pakistan (once part of India) (UN) 92

pl
Poland (UN) 48

pm
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 508

pn
Pitcairn Island uk 872

pr
Puerto Rico us 1787

ps
Palestinian Territories (West Bank, Gaza Strip) (disputed by IL) 970

pt
Portugal (UN) 351

pw
Palau (UN) 680

py
Paraguay (UN) 595

qa
Qatar (UN) 974

re
R¨¦union Island fr 262

ro
Romania (UN) 40

ru
Russia (ussr) (UN) 7

rw
Rwanda (formerly part of Ruanda-Urundi, German East Africa) (UN) 250

sa
Saudi Arabia (UN) 966

sb
Solomon Islands qe2 (UN) 677

sc
Seychelles (UN) 248

sd
Sudan (UN) 249

se
Sweden (UN) 46

sg
Singapore (UN) 65

sh
Saint Helena uk 290

si
Slovenia (yu) (UN) 386

sj
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands no 79

sk
Slovakia (formerly part of CS) (UN) 421

sl
Sierra Leone (UN) 232

sm
San Marino (UN) 378

sn
Senegal (UN) 221

so
Somalia (UN) 252

sr
Suriname (UN) 597

st
São Tom¨¦ and Pr¨ªncipe (UN) 239

su
Soviet Union (USSR, now 15 separate republics) 7

sv
El Salvador (UN) 503

sy
Syria (UN) 963

sz
Swaziland (UN) 268

kn
Saint Kitts and Nevis qe2 (UN) 1869

lc
Saint Lucia qe2 (UN) 1758

pm
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 508

vc
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines qe2 (UN) 1784

ws
Samoa (formerly Western Samoa) (UN) 685

za
South Africa (Zuid Africa) (UN) 27

gs
South Georgia and The South Sandwich Islands uk

es
Spain (España) (UN) 34

lk
Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) (UN) 94

ch
Switzerland (Schweiz in German) 41

tc
Turks and Caicos Islands uk 1649

td
Tchad (Chad) (UN) 235

tf
French Southern Territories fr

tg
Togo (formerly French Togoland) (UN) 228

th
Thailand (ancient Siam) (UN) 66

tj
Tajikistan (ussr) (UN) 992

tk
Tokelau nz 690

tm
Turkmenistan (ussr) (UN) 993

tn
Tunisia (UN) 216

to
Tonga (UN) 676

tp
East Timor (disputed by ID) 670

tr
Turkey (once center of Ottoman Empire) (ancient Anatolia) (UN) 90

tt
Trinidad and Tobago (UN) 1868

tv
Tuvalu (formerly Ellice Islands) (UN) 688

tw
Taiwan (disputed by CN) 886

tz
Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika and Zanzibar) (UN) 255,259

ua
Ukraine (ussr) (UN) 380

ug
Uganda (UN) 256

uk
United Kingdom (Great Britain and Northern Ireland) (UN) 44

um
US Minor Outlying Islands (Midway, Wake, etc.) 808

us
United States (UN) 1

uy
Uruguay (UN) 598

uz
Uzbekistan (ussr) (UN) 998

vi
US Virgin Islands us 1340

su
USSR (Soviet Union, now 15 separate republics) 7

ae
United Arab Emirates (formerly Trucial Coast) (UN) 971

va
Vatican City State (Holy See) 379

vc
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines qe2 (UN) 1784

ve
Venezuela (UN) 58

vg
Virgin Islands, British uk 1284

vi
Virgin Islands, US us 1340

vn
Viet Nam (formerly North and South Vietnam) (UN) 84

vu
Vanuatu (formerly New Hebrides) (UN) 678

wf
Wallis and Futuna Islands fr 681

ws
Western Samoa (now Samoa) (UN) 685

eh
Western Sahara (disputed by MA) (formerly Spanish Sahara) 212

ye
Yemen (UN) 967

yt
Mayotte Island fr 269

yu
Yugoslavia ((Serbia and Montenegro)) (formerly included BA, HR, MK, SI) (UN) 381

za
Zuid Africa (South Africa) (UN) 27

zm
Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) (UN) 260

zr
Zaire (now CD) 243

zw
Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) (UN) 263

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