Thursday, April 09, 2009

Update your geek knowledge, Disc Burning terminology

Bridge Disc
A Bridge Disc is a variant of a CD-ROM that can be read from CD drives but also from CD-I devices such as a Photo CD for example. It is defined in the White Book Standard and contains extra information in an XA (Standard Architecture) track on the CD-ROM.

FAT
FAT (File Allocation Table) is a file system developed by Microsoft. The FAT 12, FAT 16 and FAT 32 file systems are used on all types of mobile storage media (e.g. USB sticks, memory
cards).

ISO 9660
The International Organization for Standardization defined the Universal Standard 9660 which determines the features of the CD. This format is platform-independent and can thus be read by computers with different operating systems. In order to ensure universal readability, the file names used should be as short as possible. (In a DOS environment no more than eight characters may be used).

Joliet
Joliet refers to an extension of the ISO-9660 standard for file names. Joliet was designed by Microsoft in order to represent more characters. The file name can be up to 64 characters long and contain the letters A-Z, a-z, umlauts and the ß.

Multisession Disc
A multisession disc can contain several sessions that are not fixed. This way, more data can be added in new sessions at a later point in time, and the disc is not closed until it is full.

NTFS
New Technology File System is a Windows file system. Its advantages include differentiated access and rights management, as well as defragmented data storage, which allows the processing speed to remain high.

Packet-writing
Packet-writing refers to a procedure for writing to optical media incrementally. An optical medium, e.g. a DVD, can be used as a hard drive as a result. This way, files can be copied, moved, changed, or erased on the respective optical medium.

UDF
The Universal Disc Format is a platform-independent file system. File names can be up to 255 characters long; 8 and 16 bit character sets are supported.

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